In 1955, Charles White provided an illustration for the covers of 2 Part Inventions in Jazz, a record issued in several different editions. This particular edition was AVRS 7009-X and like other versions, the record was released on the Vanguard label as part of its ‎Vanguard Jazz Showcase. Again, these were 10" recordings. The cover featured two drawings by White, one of a piano player (Ellis Larkins’ instrument) and the other of a trumpet player (Ruby Braff’s instrument). The drawings had each been used on other Vanguard record sleeves, but for 2 Part Inventions in Jazz had been montaged together. Other versions of the sleeve had appeared with either a purple coloured vertical block on the left hand side of the sleeve, or a green coloured block, the corresponding colours also being used in the lettering that read 2 Part Inventions in Jazz. This particular record featured a gold coloured block and text.

Confusingly, in the mid 1950s, Vanguard had also commissioned another leading African American artist, Ernest Crichlow, to provide a cover illustration for two further versions of 2 Part Inventions in Jazz. The records were also by Ruby Braff and Ellis Larkins, with tracks also being the same as on the record sleeves illustrated by White. Not surprisingly, the strategy of duplication resulted in at least one error, when text relating to Crichlow, as reproduced on the sleeves for which he provided his illustration, was inadvertently reproduced on the back of this particular Charles White-illustrated version of 2 Part Inventions in Jazz. The erroneous text in question read:

The drawing on the cover is an interpretation of the mood of the music by the celebrated artist, Ernest Crichlow, whose work has been shown for many years in museums and universities throughout the country, and who has also done many distinguished book illustrations. The drawing was commissioned in line with Vanguard's policy of bringing the work of outstanding American artists before the music-loving public, and also its belief that the deep and moving qualities of fine music are best accompanied by drawings which are in themselves fully realized works of art.